Periodontitis is an infectious disease of the periodontium, which affects all structures surrounding the tooth. It manifests itself mainly by destruction of the jawbone, the periodontal membrane and root cement (periodontitis) and the gums (gingivitis). This causes gingival pockets to form in which bacteria settle, which progressively drive the destruction forward.
The first signs may be increased bleeding of the gums and inflammation of the gums. As the disease progresses, the so-called "gum and bone loss" occurs. The teeth appear longer, usually become more sensitive, they can be loosened and finally tooth loss can occur.
Periodontal disease is the main reason for tooth loss after the age of 35. In Germany, 10-14 % of the adult population over 35 years of age show the highest clinical severity of chronic marginal periodontitis (IDZ 2006) and 52.7 % suffer from a moderate form.
Researchers at the University of Maryland/Dental School found that men have a significantly higher risk of developing periodontitis than women.
Periodontitis also has a significant impact on general health and has been shown to increase the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, chronic lung disease and pregnancy complications. Periodontitis also significantly increases the risk of heart attack.
For these reasons, regular professional prophylaxis is essential!